East Coast Basketball Officials Association

Training Session 2 For New Officials

On Court

 

September 18, 2019

Objectives

 

Session 2 is an on court training that covers Jump Ball Toss and Rules, Free Throw Administration and Throw In.  Officials should walk away from this session with basic rule knowledge and procedural mechanics to administer these three aspects of the game.

Session Outline

 

  • Jump Ball - Toss and Game Administration

         2 man mechanics

 

     Roles of the Referee

 

  • Stands at half court/opposite table side
  • Scans the court to make sure that players are facing the right direction and are in legal position
  • Checks with the Umpire to make sure that the clock and table are ready to go
  • Blows the whistle to announce the game is about to start
  • Informs the teams of their basket and direction
  • With whistle out of the mouth, the Referee will get the ball between the jumpers and with either one hand or two hands, toss the ball to a height just above the players ability to jump.
  • After the jump is complete, will make sure the possession arrow is facing the correct way.

 

     Roles of the Umpire

 

  • Stands at half court in front of the table
  • Will confirm that the table and clock are ready to go
  • Lets the Referee know that the table and clock are ready
  • Makes sure there are the appropriate number of players for each team on the court and that they are in legal position
  • Determines if the ball is adequately tossed
  • Performs the mechanic to start tell the clock operator to start time (chops the clock)
  • Checks for a legal jump
  • Transitions to lead

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Free Throw Administration

 

 

     Lead Official Responsibilities

 

  • Makes sure that the teams are on the lane lines correctly
  • Announces if the shot is one free throw, two free throws or one and one
  • Waits for the shooter to enter the semi-circle and delivers to the shooter a easy-to-catch bounce pass
  • Backs out of the lane with visible signal of one free throw, two free throws or one and one
  • Watches the player on the first position on his side and the three players opposite for any violations or fouls
  • If the shot goes in on the second free throw, the lead official holds the clock with a count and then chops the clock on the legal throw in

 

 

     Trail Official Responsibilities

 

  • Watches the shooter and the players in the second and third position across the lane from him to make sure that there are no violations or fouls
  • Makes sure that players are outside of the three point line and behind the free throw line extended
  • If the ball is to be live after the free throw attempt, the trail official will raise his hand to signal to the clock operator that we are about to have a live ball and then chop the clock when the ball is legally touched.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Throw In

 

 

     If the throw in is on the sideline

 

  • The Official will step away from the player with the ball in the opposite hand from the player
  • The Inside arm is raised to make the clock operator aware that we are about to start the clock
  • The ball is bounced to the player and with the same hand a five second count is began
  • The clock is chopped when the ball is legally touched in play.

 

     If the ball is on the end line

 

  • The officials is a safe distance away from the player
  • The Inside arm is raised to make the clock operator aware that we are about to start the clock
  • The ball is handed to the player and with the same hand a five second count is began
  • The clock is chopped when the ball is legally touched in play.

Bonus Materials - Don't be scared these things rarely happen

 

Videos of Official injured on toss. Here are a few videos that were mentioned at Wednesday nights training.  First two are why you should take the whistle out of your mouth when doing a jump ball and not get too close to the jumpers.

 

 

This is why you should never walk towards or near a player when calling a foul or technical.  About the 1:00 mark in the video, note that this is not a small official.  He’s about 6’2-6’4

This is why bird dogging is bad.  Watch how the official moved towards the player when he blew his whistle.  This is the most extreme case but better safe than sorry.